Current accumulated lack of public transparency of decision-making process regarding World Heritage Sites, including it's conservation in contradiction to long-term comprehensive ecological and cultural service value assessments, credible scientific fact-based evidence obstruct the effective implementation of the World Heritage Convention. These factors fuel increasing anthropogenic impact causing the degradation of natural and cultural World Heritage Sites.
The essential importance of the precautionary principle application which proven to be an effective mechanism in the context of the protection of the natural and cultural environment in countries where it is being applied, has not been reflected as guiding in the World Heritage Committee procedures before.
Precautionary principle implies taking full preventive action before waiting for conclusive scientific proof regarding cause and effect between the practice substance and the damage. It is based on the assumption that destructive practices can not be rendered acceptable and sufficiently ‘harmless’ by the receiving environment without degradation of properties. According to the precautionary principle prevention of potentially serious or irreversible damage is required, even in the absence of full scientific evidence proving ‘cause and effect’ harm.The process of applying the precautionary principle must involve an examination of the full range of alternatives, including, where necessary, practice substitution through the development of sustainable alternatives where they do not already exist.
World Heritage International expects that developed recommendation on the following the strongest precautionary principle approach regarding all World Heritage properties will be properly considered and accepted by World Heritage Committee to decrease the number of existing and potential threats to the natural and cultural World Heritage Sites.